• Study reports abnormally high VTE and high bleed risk in critically ill COVID-19 patients and calls for more effective prevention strategies.
  • Clinicians at NHS hospitals are supporting the care of COVID-19 patients with the use of geko™ devices to reduce the risk of blood clots in the most at risk patients.
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Clinical Studies

Through our central vision in driving innovation through collaborative partnerships to solve challenging medical problems, we have placed research at the heart of our business.

Our sponsored and investigator-led studies translate clinical needs into high-impact evidence-based therapies.

Wound Therapy

A Narrative Review of the Use of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation in Individuals With Diabetic Foot Ulceration

Author(s): Goodall J R , Langridge B, Lane T , Davies H A, Shalhoub J

AbstractPaper

Wound Therapy

Comparison of the Hemodynamic Performance of Two Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Devices Applied to the Lower Limb

Author(s): Avazzadeh S , O’Farrell A , Flaherty K, O’Connell S, ÓLaighin G, Quinlan R L

AbstractPaper

Wound Therapy

Microcirculatory changes in venous leg ulcers using intermittent electrostimulation of common peroneal nerve

Author(s): Das S, Dhoonmoon L, Bain D, Chhabra S

Paper

Oedema reduction

Daily use of a muscle pump activator device reduces duration of hospitalization and improves early graft outcomes post-kidney transplantation: A randomized controlled trial

Author(s): Xie W, Levine M, Aquil S, Pacoli K, Al-Ogaili R, Luke P P, Sener A

Paper

Wound Therapy

Neuromuscular stimulation of the common peroneal nerve increases arterial and venous velocity in patients with venous leg ulcers

Author(s): Das S, Dhoonmoon L, Chhabra S

Paper

Wound Therapy

Lower Leg Wounds and the Role of Edema: Managing Edema with the geko™ Wound Therapy Device

Author(s): Burrows C, Ramage D, Rabley- Koch, Evans R

Poster

Wound Therapy

Early Intervention with the geko™ device for Venous Leg Ulcers Predicted to Not Heal Within 24 Weeks

Author(s): Rabley-Koch C. A., Duong R, Cadavez R, Attard J, Entredicho A, Oshalla H, Orr A, Ramage D, Burrows C

Poster

Wound Therapy

Venous Leg Ulcer Wound Healing with geko™: “I hope that my wound will heal faster”: A qualitative inquiry

Author(s): Kuhnke J L, Maxwell S

Poster

VTE prevention

The role of the geko™ device to prevent Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) on a patient undergoing rehabilitation on the gastro-intestinal ward

Author(s): Wong C

Case Study

Wound Therapy

Microcirculatory Flux and Pulsatility in Arterial Leg Ulcers is Increased by Intermittent Neuromuscular Electrostimulation of the Common Peroneal Nerve

Author(s): Bosanquet D, Ivins N, Jones NJ, Harding KG

Abstract Paper

The geko™ device Annotated Bibliography

Annotated Bibliography

Oedema Reduction

Use of a Muscle Pump Activator Leads to Improved Lower Limb Edema, Lower Limb Blood Flow, and Urine Output Compared With Standard TED Stockings and Compression Devices Following Kidney Transplant: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Author(s): Aquil S, Alharbi B, Navaratnam R, Sharma H, Luke, P P, Sener A

Paper

Increased Blood Circulation – Healthy Subject Data

The effect of a novel electrical stimulation method for improving lower limb blood flow in healthy volunteers

Author(s): Jawad H

Paper

Oedema Reduction

A Single-Centre Feasibility Randomised Controlled Trial Comparing the Incidence of Asymptomatic and Symptomatic Deep Vein Thrombosis Between a Neuromuscular Electrostimulation Device and Thromboembolism Deterrent

Author(s): Wainwright T W, Burgess L C, Middleton, R G

Paper

Wound Therapy

A novel method of assessment of microcirculatory changes with the use of geko™ device in patients with venous leg ulcers

Author(s): Das S, Dhoonmoon L, Bain D, Chhabra S

Poster

Oedema Reduction

Does neuromuscular electrical stimulation improve recovery following acute ankle sprain? A pilot randomised controlled trial

Author(s): Wainwright T W, Burgess L C, Middleton R G

Paper

Wound Therapy

Daily use of a muscle pump activator device reduces hospitalization and improves graft function post-transplantation: A randomized controlled trial

Author(s): Yan Xie W, Levine M, Aquil S, Pacoli K, Al-Ogaili R, Luke P, Sener A

Abstract

Increased Blood Circulation – Patient Data

Neuromuscular electrical stimulation for the prevention of venous thromboembolism

Author(s): Ravikumar R, Williams KJ, Babber A, Moore HM, Lane TRA, Shalhoub J, Davies AH.

Paper

Wound Therapy

Using a muscle pump activator device to stimulate healing for non-healing lower leg wounds in long term care residents

Author(s): Harris C, Ramage D, Boloorchi, Vaughan L, Kuilder G, Rakas S.

AbstractPaper

Increased Blood Circulation – Patient Data

The use of a novel neuromuscular electrical stimulation device in peripheral vascular disease

Author(s): Katherine J. Williams, Alun H. Davies

Paper

VTE prevention

The use of the geko™ device and the activation of the foot and calf pumps for prevention of venous thromboembolism in patients with acute stroke

Author(s): Natarajan I, Williams J, Richards, L, Moss C, Lambert C, Roffe C

AbstractPosterFind out more

Wound Therapy

The impact of a muscle pump activator on incisional wound healing compared to standard stockings and compression devices in kidney and kidney-pancreas transplant recipients: A randomized, controlled trial

Author(s): Aquil S, Sharma H, Alharbi B, Pacoli K, Luke P P, Sener A

AbstractPaper

VTE prevention

Clinical observation of neuromuscular electrical stimulation in prevention of deep venous thrombosis after total hip replacement

Author(s): Jingwei L, Zhe Z, Xuesong L, Hui J, Ning L, Wenbo W

Paper

VTE prevention

The use of the geko™ device for the prevention of venous thromboembolism in patients with acute stroke at The Luton & Dunstable University Hospital (L&D)

Author(s): Nihara D, Sethuraman S, Sekaran L, Phiri D, Asokanathan A, Alwis L

Poster

VTE prevention

Prevention of Postoperative Leg Vein Thrombosis by Electrical Muscle Stimulation. An Evaluation with ¹²⁵ I-Labelled Fibrinogen

Author(s): Browse N L, Negus D

Paper

VTE prevention

Prophylaxis of postoperative leg vein thrombosis by low dose subcutaneous heparin or peroperative calf muscle stimulation: a controlled clinical trial.

Author(s): Rosenberg I L , Evans M, Pollock A V

Paper

VTE prevention

Prediction and prophylaxis of postoperative thromboembolis—a comparison between peroperative calf muscle stimulation with groups of impulses and dextran 40

Author(s): Lindström B, Holmdahl C, Jonsson O, Korsan‐Bengtsen K, Lindberg S, Petrusson B, Pettersson S, Wikstrand J, Wojciechowski J

Paper

Increased Blood Circulation – Patient Data

The Impact of Peripheral Nerve Stimulation on Coronary Blood Flow and Endothelial Function

Author(s): Lavi S, Alemayehu M, McLellan A, D'Alfonso S, Wall S, Abu-Romeh N, Camuglia A

AbstractPosterPaper

Increased Blood Circulation – Patient Data

Fibrinolytic effects of peroneal nerve stimulation in patients with lower limb vascular disease

Author(s): Barnes R, Madden L A, Chetter I

AbstractPaper

Increased Blood Circulation – Patient Data

Haemodynamic augmentation in patients with peripheral arterial disease with the geko™ transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation device

Author(s): Barnes R, Shahin Y, Tucker A T, Chetter I

AbstractPaper

Increased Blood Circulation – Patient Data

Augmentation of arterial blood velocity with electrostimulation in patients with critical limb ischemia unsuitable for revascularization

Author(s): Yilmaz S, Mermi E U, Zobaci E, Aksoy E, Yasti C

Paper

Increased Blood Circulation – Patient Data

Potential role of electrostimulation in the augmentation of venous blood flow after total knee replacement: A pilot study

Author(s): Yilmaz S, Calbiyik M, Yilmaz B K, Aksoy E

AbstractPaper

Increased Blood Circulation – Patient Data

Using the geko™ device to prevent venous thrombosis and oedema following Strayer release of the gastrocnemius

Author(s): Pillai A, Pavey N

Case Study

Increased Blood Circulation – Patient Data

Strayer Release Procedure Protocol

Author(s): Pillai A

Procedure Protocol

VTE prevention

Further update on the role of geko™ in reducing the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in Obstetrics

Author(s): M. Andrzejowska, B Godwin, M Fawzy

Poster

Increased Blood Circulation – Healthy Subject Data

Measurement of blood flow in the deep veins of the lower limb using the geko™ neuromuscular electro-stimulation device

Author(s): Nicolaides A, Griffin M

AbstractPaperPoster

Increased Blood Circulation – Healthy Subject Data

Augmentation of venous, arterial and microvascular blood supply in the leg by isometric neuromuscular stimulation via the common peroneal nerve

Author(s): Tucker A T, Maass A, Bain D, Chen L H, Azzam M, Dawson H, Johnston A

AbstractPaper

Increased Blood Circulation – Healthy Subject Data

Electrical stimulation of motor nerves. An alternative approach for the enhancement of lower limb blood flow

Author(s): Tucker A T, Maass A, Bain D, Chen L H, Azzam M, Dawson H, Johnston A

Paper

Increased Blood Circulation – Healthy Subject Data

Neuromuscular electrostimulation via the common peroneal nerve promotes lower limb blood flow in a below-knee cast

Author(s): Warwick D J, Shaikh A, Gadola S, Strokes M, Worsely P, Bain D, Tucker A T

AbstractPaper

Increased Blood Circulation – Healthy Subject Data

A comparative study investigating the effectiveness of neuromuscular electrostimulation versus intermittent pneumatic compression in enhancing lower limb blood flow in healthy subjects

Author(s): Jawad H, Bain D, Dawson H, Crawford K, Johnston A, Tucker A T

PaperPoster

Increased Blood Circulation – Healthy Subject Data

Comparing the venous haemodynamic effect of a neuromuscular stimulation device to intermittent pneumatic compression in healthy subjects

Author(s): Williams K, Moore H M, Ellis M, Davies A H

Abstract

Increased Blood Circulation – Healthy Subject Data

Effects of electrical nerve stimulation on force generation, oxygenation and blood volume in muscles of the immobilized human leg

Author(s): Zhang Q, Styf J, Ekström L, Holmesy A K

AbstractPaper

Increased Blood Circulation – Healthy Subject Data

Microcirculation in the foot is augmented by neuromuscular stimulation via the common peroneal nerve in different lower limb postures: a potential treatment for leg ulcers

Author(s): Warwick D J, Shaik A, Worsely P, Gadola S, Tucker A T, Gadola S D, Stokes M

AbstractPaper

Increased Blood Circulation – Healthy Subject Data

Common peroneal nerve stimulation reduces blood sludging in the popliteal vein standing and lying

Author(s): Lattimer C R, Azzam M, Papaconstandinou J A, Villasin M, Ash S, Kalodiki E

AbstractPaper

Increased Blood Circulation – Healthy Subject Data

The effect of calf neuromuscular electrical stimulation and intermittent pneumatic compression on thigh microcirculation

Author(s): Bahadori S, Immins T, Wainwright T W

Paper

Increased Blood Circulation – Healthy Subject Data

On Pulse™: A potential management for venous thromboembolism.

Author(s): Jawad H, Bain D, Dawson H, Adams K, Johnston A, Tucker A T

Poster

Oedema Reduction

The geko™ Neuromuscular Electrostimulation Device Reduces Pre-Operative Oedema and Accelerates Readiness to Theatre in Patients Requiring Open Reduction Internal Fixation for Ankle Fracture

Author(s): Baker P, Mahmood I, Chandler H, Anwar S, Eardley W, Rangan A

AbstractPosterPaper

Oedema Reduction

A feasibility randomised controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a novel neuromuscular electro-stimulation device in preventing the formation of oedema following total hip replacement surgery

Author(s): Wainwright T W, Immins T, Middleton R G

PaperPoster

Oedema Reduction

The role of the geko™ device in the reduction of oedema post ankle sprain: A clinical audit

Author(s): Sheehy K, Rollit P, Wainwright T W

Paper

Oedema Reduction

The geko™ device: a novel treatment for the reduction of post-operative swelling following forefoot surgery

Author(s): Kocialkowski C, Pickford N, Bhosale A, Pillai A

AbstractPaper

Oedema Reduction

Using the geko™ device to prevent oedema and promote functional activity following hindfoot fusion

Author(s): McKinley J, Walker S, Wainwright T W

Case StudyFind out more

Oedema Reduction

Using the geko™ device to prevent oedema following ankle replacement surgery

Author(s): McKinley J, Walker S, Wainwright T W

Case StudyFind out more

Oedema Reduction

Case study series: Using the geko™ device to prevent oedema and promote functional activity following foot surgery

Author(s): Pillai A, Pavey N, Wainwright T W

Case Study 1Case Study 2Case Study 3Case Study 4Case Study 5Case Study 6

Oedema Reduction

Two Cases of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation of the Common Peroneal Nerve Successfully Treating Refractory, Multifactorial Leg Edema.

Author(s): Ingves M V, Power A H

AbstractPaper

Oedema Reduction

Using the geko™ device to increase blood flow and prevent oedema following lower limb reconstruction by the Ilizarov method

Author(s): Shalaby H, Walker S

Case Study

Oedema Reduction

The role of geko™, a portable electrical stimulation device, in the treatment of longstanding unilateral leg lymphedema

Author(s): Hill W, Ramage D

Case Study

Oedema Reduction

Hindfoot Fusion

Author(s): McKinley J, Walker S, Wainwright T W

Procedure ProtocolFind out more

Oedema Reduction

Cheilectomy for Hallux Rigidus Repair

Author(s): Pillai A

Procedure Protocol

Oedema Reduction

Scarf Osteotomy

Author(s): Pillai A

Procedure Protocol

Wound Therapy

A case series evaluating the geko™ neuromuscular electrostimulation device on lower limb

Author(s): Jones N J, Harding K G, Ivins N, Jones N, Ebdon V, Hagelstein S

AbstractPaperFind out more

Wound Therapy

Refractory venous leg ulcers: observational evaluation of innovative new technology

Author(s): Harris C, Loney A, Brooke J, Charlebois A, Coppola L, Mehta S, Flett N

AbstractPaper

Wound Therapy

Evaluation of a muscle pump activating device for non-healing venous leg ulcers

Author(s): Harris C, Duong C, Vanderheyden G, Byrnes B, Cattryse R, Orr A, Keast D

AbstractPaper

Wound Therapy

An Innovative Technology for Healing Venous Leg ulcers: geko™

Author(s): Harding K G

Paper

Wound Therapy

Canadian Association of Wound Care Consensus Document Low Frequency Nerve Stimulation To Support The Healing Of Venous Leg Ulcers

Author(s): Orsted HL, O’Sullivan D, Haley J, LeBlanc K, Parsons l

Paper

Wound Therapy

A targeted approach to healing complex wounds using the geko™ device

Author(s): Dimitri S, Hussain Y, Pavey N

Case StudyFind out more

Wound Therapy

The role of the geko™, a portable neuromuscular electrostimulation device, in assisted healing of an intractable mixed arterio-venous leg ulcer

Author(s): Jameel M, Green F, Skulbedov V, Bain D, Tucker A T

Case Study

Wound Therapy

The role of the geko™, a portable neuromuscular electrostimulation device, in assisted healing of an intractable arterial leg ulcer

Author(s): Frank C, Jackson M

Case Study

Wound Therapy

The role of the geko™, a portable electrical stimulation device, in assisted healing of an intractable mixed arterio-venous leg ulcer

Author(s): Williams K

Case Study

Wound Therapy

The role of the geko™, a portable electrical stimulation device, in assisted healing of a venous leg ulcer

Author(s): Jones N, Davenport S

Case Study

Wound Therapy

The role of the geko™, a portable electrical stimulation device, in assisted healing of a diabetic foot ulcer

Author(s): Jones N, Davenport S

Case Study

Wound Therapy

Young athlete suffering from PTS recovers from traumatic foot ulcer, following use of the geko™ device

Case Study

Wound Therapy

Is it time for a paradigm shift using an adjunctive therapy with best practices for recalcitrant VLUs?

Author(s): Harris C

Poster

Wound Therapy

Thinking outside the box

Author(s): Harris C

Poster

Wound Therapy

A call to action

Author(s): Harris C, Stacey M

Poster

Wound Therapy

Integrating early use of an innovative adjunctive therapy into venous leg ulcer pathways – a paradigm shift

Author(s): Duong R, Harris C

Poster

Wound Therapy

New venous leg ulcers achieve wound closure in an average of 3 weeks with an innovative muscle pump activator device

Author(s): Harris C

Poster

Wound Therapy

Adjunctive application of a muscle pump activator to improve blood flow in patients with lower limb ulcerations related to chronic venous insufficiency

Author(s): Suitor M

Poster

Wound Therapy

What is your Approach to Recalcitrant Leg Ulcer, Status Quo or Paradigm Shift Using New Technology to Achieve Healing?

Author(s): Harris C

Poster

Wound Therapy

Stimulating Non-healing Venous Leg Ulcers: Evaluation of Innovative New Muscle Pump Activator

Author(s): Harris C, Loney A, Brooke J, Charlebois A, Coppola L, Mehta S, Flett N

Poster

Wound Therapy

Evaluation of an Exciting Neuromuscular Electrostimulation Device for Chronic, Non-healing Venous Leg Ulcers

Author(s): Harris C, Duong R, Van der Heyden G, Byrnes B, Cattryse R, Orr A, Keast D

Poster

Wound Therapy

Using a Neuromuscular Electrostimulation Device for Non-healing Lower Leg Wounds in Long Term Care Residents

Author(s): Brooke J, Loney A

Poster

Wound Therapy

A NMES device, not just for routine wound care

Author(s): Flett N

Poster

Wound Therapy

A role for a portable NMES device for treatment of refractory chronic wounds of the lower extremity

Author(s): Wong V

Poster

Wound Therapy

Lessons Learned – The Implementation of a novel NMES Device

Author(s): Springer D A

Poster

Wound Therapy

The Effect of NMES on Venous Leg Ulcers and a Pressure Ulcer

Author(s): Charlebois A

Poster

Wound Therapy

The Implementation of a novel NMES device into a community home care program

Author(s): Coppola L

Poster

Wound Therapy

Debilitating chronic veno-lymphoedema: using a muscle pump activator medical device to heal wounds and improve skin integrity

Author(s): Harris C, Rabley-Koch C A, Ramage D, Cattryse R

AbstractPaper